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Study reveals marked differences in Dominican immigration

According to a new study published by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the Office for the Southern Cone of Latin America of the International Labour Organization (ILO) around 6.2% of the working population in the Dominican Republic is made up of foreigners, with a concentration in agriculture and construction. The report also established that the immigrants have a strong presence in occupations with relatively low skill levels.

The report is entitled “Employment Situation in Latin America and the Caribbean: Labour Immigration in Latin America”, and states that the number of foreigners in the Dominican labor market is the second highest in the region, only superseded by Costa Rica with 12.3% of its workforce coming from abroad. Below the Dominican Republic is Venezuela with 5.8% and then Argentina with 5.6%.

In the case of the Dominican Republic, most of the foreigners work in agriculture, representing 20.1% of workers in that sector, followed by construction at 15.6% and then mining at 6.1%.

In general, the organization says that the salaries of immigrants in the Dominican Republic are lower than nationals, but there are exceptions in the cases of women and foreign employers who earn more than Dominican nationals.

The ECLAC states that unlike the rest of the region where most foreign workers are female, there are more male foreign workers in the Dominican Republic.

The report includes the Dominican Republic among the countries that have received the largest numbers of immigrants, together with Argentina, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Mexico, Brazil, and Costa Rica. The report indicates most of the immigrants to the Dominican Republic are male (61.5% male to 38.5% female). In this respect, the Dominican Republic is the exception. In all other countries, women immigrants comprise the majority, which corroborates the feminization of intraregional migration, according to the study.

The report indicates that whereas in the other countries there are no major differences between the different age groups in terms of the proportion of immigrants, in Chile, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic and Panama, the proportion of immigrants is relatively high (14%) among the core groups of the working-age population (20-49 years). This would seem to reflect the preponderance of recent and current labor migration flows.

In several countries, a large share of economically active immigrants come from a single country, and this is especially so in the Dominican Republic (86% from Haiti), Costa Rica (76% from Nicaragua), the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and Ecuador (68% and 54%, respectively, from Colombia), according to the report.

Contrary to other countries were immigrants do not represent an important part of the labor force, the study reveals that the Dominican Republic is the country in which the participation rate of immigrants surpasses that of natives by the widest margin. The immigrant population does not include a large group of students (22.6% of non-economically active immigrants and 8.2% of the 10-or-older foreign-born population) or many retirees and pensioners (3.2% of non-active immigrants and 1.1% of 10-or-older immigrants). And in the Dominican Republic, as well as in other countries with a relatively very high participation rate among the immigrant population (the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Costa Rica, Ecuador and Panama), immigrants participate in the workforce at a higher rate than natives across all age groups.

Source: DR1, DiarioLibre

May 17, 2017

Category: DR News |

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Last updated December 17, 2017 at 1:23 AM
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