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Dominican Republic has the second highest rate of child mortality in Latin America

Investment in maternal and child health can prevent the deaths of some 200,000 children under 5 every year old in Latin America where the place and conditions at birth define the probability of survival and development due to inequity between and within countries, Unicef ​​warned today.

“Clearly we have an unequal region, with marked inequity for mothers and children in their own countries,” Luisa Brumana, Unicef ​​Health advisor for Latin America and the Caribbean, told Efe in quoting the report “Reducing Differences: The Power to Invest In the poorest children, “presented on Wednesday.

“There are many inequities that must be a priority for governments, reaching those who suffer most, who are poor children, mothers with low schooling and many of them ethnic minorities such as indigenous people,” said the epidemiologist.

According to Unicef ​​data, it is estimated that in Latin America, 196,000 children under 5 years of age die each year from preventable causes, of which 167,000 (85%) are less than one year old, i.e. a child dies every three minutes .

“We have almost 200,000 children that die, and those deaths are preventable, which is alarming, that should not happen, there are ways to avoid it,” said Brumana.

This is underlined by the Unicef ​​report stating that “investments in populations of poor children and mothers, for every one million invested, save twice as many children under 5 years old as an equivalent investment in other than poor”,

“Of the 1.1 million lives saved in the 51 countries surveyed over the past year, almost 85 percent were among the poor,” the report said.

In Latin America, “the risk of dying before the 28 days of being born in the poorest countries is 2.5 times higher than in the richest, and the risk of a child dying before age 5 is three times higher” in The same comparison, warns the UN agency.

The most difficult situation is faced by Haiti, which has, for example, the highest neonatal mortality rate in the region, with 25 deaths per 1,000 live births, followed by the Dominican Republic (20) and Bolivia (16). Meanwhile, the lowest figures are reported by Cuba (2) and Chile and Uruguay (5).

For Brumana, the “big problem is inequality within the same countries: There are very poor areas, unattended ethnic groups, very remote populations, where access is restricted.”

For example, according to the public health expert, in Colombia, Haiti, Nicaragua, Panama and Suriname, the coverage rate for prenatal care, which must be at least four visits, is three times lower among women without schooling than among those with higher education.

He explained that the most cost-effective interventions are prenatal care, exclusive and early breastfeeding, complete vaccination, immediate access to treatment and access to mosquito nets in countries where malaria persists.

“With these actions we must reach the poorest to reduce disease and mortality,” he said.

“Investing in the poorest children is not only right in principle, it is also right in practice, as it saves more lives for every dollar spent,” said the executive director of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Anthony Lake , In the presentation of the body’s report.

Unicef ​​warned that if the reduction in child mortality is not accelerated, by 2030, almost 70 million children will die before the age of five.

For this reason, María Cristina Perceval, Unicef ​​regional director for Latin America and the Caribbean, said in a statement that the region should “invest in health services and nutrition of high impact and quality.”

Source: Detras del Rumor, Nacionales

July 1, 2017

Category: DR News |

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Last updated December 17, 2017 at 1:23 AM
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