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Antihaitianismo: Systemic xenophobia and racism in the Dominican Republic

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By Sharri K Hall
Research Associate at the Council on Hemispheric Affairs

Despite their shared heritage, Haiti and the Dominican Republic have existed in a quasi cold war for centuries largely due to the rampant systemic racism that plagues the Dominican government and is cultivated by many Dominican citizens. Antihaitianismo is the present manifestation of racial prejudice, selective interpretation of history, and nationalistic Dominican false consciousness. This antihaitianismo was bred and cultivated in the historic colonialism in both Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

The Historical Conflict on Hispaniola

There has been division between the two countries for many years. Originally, the Spanish took possession of the entire island, but only controlled the eastern side. The French progressively settled the western side. In 1797, Spain ceded the entire island to France. In 1791, Toussant Louverture initiated a slave revolution and conquered Santo Domingo in 1801, uniting Hispaniola. In 1808, Dominicans rebelled, returning the eastern side of the island to Spanish control. In 1822, however, Haiti reclaimed the entire island as the Republic of Haiti, initiating an occupation that led to Dominican hatred of Haitians that lasts until this day. In 1844, the Dominican Republic received independence from Haiti.

Read the full story on Caribbean News Now

July 4, 2017

Category: DR News |

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Last updated January 21, 2018 at 12:31 AM
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