Zika Virus alert for Caribbean
The Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) are warning that mosquito-borne zika virus (ZIKV) could make its way to the Caribbean from Brazil, where cases have been reported. The virus is spread by the same Aedes Aegypti mosquito that causes dengue and chikungunya viruses. There is no vaccine, only prevention measures to avoid getting bitten by the mosquito. It is best to eliminate standing water in the backyards, around the house, in gutters and ditches to discourage mosquitoes from breeding. ?
The ZIKV is new to the region and has been detected in Brazil where 16 confirmed cases and 1,200 suspected cases have been reported.
Symptoms are very similar to dengue and chikungunya but there also can be no symptoms. Or the person may suffer mild to moderate symptoms including fever, headache, rash, conjunctivitis, and muscle and joint pain. ?
No deaths have ever been reported from ZIKV and known complications are rare.
The symptoms for ZIKV usually appeared three to 12 days after an infected mosquito bites a person and could last for four to seven days. The virus got its name as a result of it being discovered in the Zika Forest of Uganda. In 1947, the virus was first isolated in a rhesus monkey in that country.
PAHO lists the symptoms as:
- Non-purulent conjunctivitis (inflammation of the outermost layer of the eye and inner surface of the eyelids with no pus production)
- Muscle and joint pain
- Maculopapular rash (red rash consisting of small bumps)
- Edema in the lower limbs (swelling)
- Eyeball pain
- Diarrhea or abdominal pain
May 29, 2015
UPDATE: The fist case of Zika is registered in Puerto Plata province. A 12 year old girl has been affected by this virus.
Source: Puerto Plata Digital
June 3, 2015
Category: DR News |