The Haitian labor force grew 445% over the last 14 years
SD. In the first half of 2014, the population of Haitian nationals in the Dominican Republic climbed to 237,843 persons, of which 157,562 were working in the formal and informal sectors of the economy, according to the statistical reports from the Observatory of the Dominican Labor Market (OMLAD), a part of the Ministry of Labor.
The OMLAD explained that their reports are based on the results of the National Survey of the Job Market which is carried out in the months of April and October by Central Bank.
The OMLAD breaks down the population with regard to nationality, under the following categories: “native,” “Haitian” and “non-Haitian.” It can be interpreted that this classification seeks to stress the Haitian labor force in the Dominican Republic because of its greater economic and social importance for the country.
During the first semester of 2014, the rest of the working population of other nationalities represented 26,816 workers, of a total number of residents in the country of 74,283 persons.
The OMLAD statistics, which cover the period between 2000 and 2014, reveal that during those years the Haitian workforce has increased its importance in the Dominican labor market, growing by 445%, very superior to the growth rate of the Dominican labor force (35%) and of those of other nationalities (41.3%).
Through their work, the Haitian immigrants contribute to the Dominican Gross Domestic Product (GDP) through the sectors of construction (both public and private works), service and agriculture in the formal and informal labor market.
“The immigration from Haiti benefits the economy of the Dominican Republic, since it offers the businesses of the country a young labor force with salaries that are relatively low,” says the World Bank, in its report: “Haiti and the Dominican Republic: more than the sum of the parts.”
According to the report, Haitian workers earn 60% of what the average Dominican worker earns. It reveals that in the farm sector, where a great number of Haitian immigrants are employed, the average salary that they receive is half of what the Dominican workers receive.
As of the first half of 2014, the expanded unemployment rate of the economically active Dominican population was 15.20%. On the other hand, the unemployment rate for the immigrant Haitian workers was 8.55%.
Last 20 February, the Management Confederation of the Dominican Republic (COPARDOM) published an announcement in the newspapers in which they say that the management sector “expresses its preoccupation” over the scarce numbers of files which have been submitted for evaluation within the framework of the National Plan of Normalization of Foreigners in an Irregular Immigration Situation.
COPARDOM attributes the responsibility for these delays to the Haitian authorities who supposedly have been shown to be very slow to issue the documents to their citizens.
In their communiqué, COPARDOM stresses “the efforts carried out by Dominican employers, some of whom (…) have covered the complete cost associated with the emission of the official Haitian documentation.” At stake is a cheap labor force.
February 25, 2015
Category: DR News |