With the start of the rainy season on the North Coast of the Dominican Republic dengue outbreaks occur more often
Along the northern coast of the Dominican Republic, the rainy season lasts from November through April. In the rest of the country, it runs from May through November.
Dengue is still the biggest epidemic in the country (in 2013), according to Epidemiological Bulletin 45 that shows there have been 103 deaths and 14,432 probable cases so far this year. Most of the deaths were minors.
The report states that there are now 164.4 probable cases for each 100,000 inhabitants, which is a 1.07 times increase over last year.
General precautions against mosquito bites
Dengue fever also known as break-bone fever, is an infectious tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic morbilliform skin rash. In a small proportion of cases the disease develops to the life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever (bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage) and dengue shock syndrome (circulatory failure).
Dengue is transmitted by several species of mosquito. The virus exists in four different types; infection with one type usually gives lifelong immunity to that type, but only short-term immunity to the others. Subsequent infection with a different type is believed to increase the risk of severe complications. As there is no vaccine, prevention is sought by reducing the habitat and the number of mosquitoes and limiting exposure to bites.
Treatment of acute dengue is supportive, using either oral or intravenous re-hydration for mild or moderate disease, and intravenous fluids and blood transfusion for more severe cases.
Precautions: The bites only happen to about 100 tourists a year in Dominican Republic. The resorts usually spray for mosquitoes often so there are little to none to be seen. The country also sprays to rid the island of these nasty little creatures. Just use some DEET type of bug spray. A fan and air conditioner usually help keep them away as their light weight bodies can’t fly into the wind. They are more prevalent in areas where there is standing water. Do not leave water in containers outside.
Category: DR News |