Timeline: Dominican Republic
A chronology of key events:
1492 – Christopher Columbus visits the island, which he names Hispaniola, or “Little Spain”.
1496 – Spaniards set up first Spanish colony in Western hemisphere at Santo Domingo, which subsequently serves as capital of all Spanish colonies in America.
1697 – Treaty of Ryswick gives western part of Hispaniola island (Haiti) to France and eastern part (Santo Domingo – the present Dominican Republic) to Spain.
1795 – Spain cedes its portion of Hispaniola island to France.
1808 – Spain retakes Santo Domingo following revolt by Spanish Creoles.
1821 – Uprising against Spanish rules is followed by brief period of independence.
1822 – Haitian President Jean-Pierre Boyer marches his troops into Santo Domingo and annexes it.
Republic is born
1844 – Boyer overthrown; Santo Domingo declares its independence and becomes the Dominican Republic.
1861-63 – President Pedro Santana returns the Dominican Republic to Spanish rule.
1863-64 – Spain withdraws from, and annuls its annexation of, the Dominican Republic following a popular revolt.
1865 – The second Dominican Republic proclaimed.
1906 – Dominican Republic and US sign 50-year treaty according to which the US takes over the republic’s customs department in return for buying its debts.
1916-24 – US forces occupy the Dominican Republic following internal disorder.
1924 – Constitutional government assumes control; US forces withdraw.
1930 – General Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina establishes personal dictatorship following the overthrow of President Horacio Vazquez.
1937 – Army massacres 19,000-20,000 Haitians living in areas of the Dominican Republic adjacent to Haiti.
1960 – Organisation of American States adopts resolution calling for severance of diplomatic ties with the Dominican Republic.
1961 – Trujillo assassinated.
1962 – Juan Bosch, founder of the leftist Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD) elected president in the first democratic elections for nearly four decades.
1963 – Bosch deposed in military coup and replaced by a three-man civilian junta.
1965 – Some 30,000 US troops invade the Dominican Republic following a pro-Bosch uprising.
Return to democracy
1966 – Joaquin Balaguer, a Trujillo protege and former leader of the Reformist Party (later to become the centre-right Christian Social Reform Party (PRSC)), is elected president.
1978 – Silvestre Antonio Guzman (PRD) is elected president and proceeds to release some 200 political prisoners, ease media censorship and purge the armed forces of Balaguer supporters.
1979 – Two hurricanes leave more than 200,0000 people homeless and cause damage worth 1 billion dollars as the economy continues to deteriorate due to high fuel prices and low sugar prices.
1982 – Another PRD candidate, Jorge Blanco, elected president.
1985 – IMF-prescribed austerity measures, including price rises for basic foods and petrol, lead to widespread riots.
1986 – Balaguer (PRSC) re-elected president.
1988 – Jorge Blanco tried in absentia and found guilty of corruption during his presidential tenure.
1990 – Balaguer re-elected, defeating Bosch by a small majority.
1994 – Balaguer re-elected, but agrees to serve only a two-year term after being accused of fraud.
1996 – Leonel Fernandez Reyna of the Dominican Liberation Party (PLD) elected president.
1998 – Hurricane George causes widespread devastation.
2000 – PRD returned to power with Hipolito Mejia as president.
2001 May – Appeals court quashes a conviction against former president, Salvador Jorge Blanco, on charges of corruption.
2001 November – US jet bound for Santo Domingo crashes in New York killing all 255 people on board. Three days of national mourning declared.
2002 July – Former president Joaquin Balaguer dies aged 95; thousands pay their last respects to a man who dominated politics for more than 50 years.
2003 November – Deadly clashes between police and protesters during demonstrations against high prices, power cuts. Two months later, demonstrations about economic policies leave at least five dead.
2004 May – Former president Leonel Fernandez defeats incumbent Hipolito Mejia.
Severe floods in the south-west, and in parts of neighbouring Haiti, leave more than 2,000 dead or disappeared.
2005 September – Congress approves a proposed free trade agreement with the US and Central American nations. The DR enters the accord in March 2007.
2008 May – President Leonel Fernandez is re-elected.
2010 May – Congressional elections. Governing Dominican Liberation Party (PLD) retains firm grip on power.
2010 October – Dominican Republic tightens border restrictions to prevent cholera spreading from Haiti.
2012 May – Governing Dominican Liberation Party candidate Danilo Medina wins close presidential election over former president Hipolito Mejia.
Source: BBC News
Category: DR Living |