Hurricanes in the Dominican Republic
The hurricane season in the Caribbean is from June through November, with September historically being the peak month for the storms. There are exceptions. In 2003, hurricanes happened outside those dates. That year, the first regional hurricane hit the Caribbean in April and the last in December. And in 2007, the DR was affected by Tropical Storm Noel on 29 October and Tropical Storm Olga on 12 December. Hurricanes are rare events. The DR has been hit by 11 hurricanes in almost 80 years. Historically, big hurricanes have been widely spaced out through the years and for the most part have hit the less populated southwestern and western coasts of the Dominican Republic.
Most hurricanes that affect the Caribbean region may make landfall in the United States. As a consequence, the US National Weather Service closely monitors these storms as they enter the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean benefits from the extensive information available.
Here’s a list of hurricanes and the effects of them:
1975 : The Eloisa Hurricane, a number 1 phenomenon, affected from September 17 the Loma de Cabrera area and caused strong rains in the South of the island.
1979 : One of the strongest hurricanes arrived on August 31rts, and its name, David is in all memories. It was a category 5 hurricane that caused the death of more than 2000 persons, caused the flood of rivers in all the country and damages to infrastructures in the South region.
1979 : Six months after David, the tropical storm Frederick caused strong rains and floods in the South region of the country.
1980 : Allen was a category 5 hurricane that crossed away on the South of the island on August 5th. However, it produced strong surges and tides on the South coast.
1981 : On September 9th, the tropical storm Gert crossed by the North East of the country.
1982 : The tropical storm Derby formed itself in the Escosesa Bay and crossed over the North of the island on September 13th.
1987 : The hurricane Emily, which trajectory was parabolic, entered on the South coasts while crossing by the Nizao village and the Neyba bay on September 22nd, and went out by the North coast of Haiti.
1988 : A category 5 hurricane named Gilbert crossed slightly on the South of the Barahona peninsula on September 11th.
1996 : The Hortense hurricane passed through the Altagracia province, and the eye crossed over the International Airport of Punta Cana. Of category 3, this phenomenon produced strong rains on the East zone, causing floods.
1998 : Another hurricane that will stay forever in the Dominicans memories. George affected the island at dawn, entering by the East of the country and causing big damages: destructed houses in the East area, rains in the Cordillera Central, floods of the Sananeta River and the death of more than 1000 persons. This category 3 hurricane caused 12 feet waves and had a pressure of 971 MB.
2000 : The tropical storm Derby affected the North coast on August 23rd. This phenomenon moved in parallel to the Luperon and the Isabela coasts.
2003 : Odette is a tropical storm that entered in the island by the South West coast on the Cabo Falso Barahona on December 6th. It caused rains, mudslides and big damages on agriculture. It killed 8 persons too.
2004 : The hurricane Jeanne, category 1, entered in the country on September 16th. Even if it lost intensity when it made landfall, it caused flooding in the East region, destructed bridges and isolated, during a few days, the tourist zone of the East area.
2007 : Dean was the fourth hurricane of the season and affected the country on August 18th. It was a category number 4 hurricane, but it transformed into a tropical storm thanks to the Dominican geography. Communities as Punta Cana and the Malecón of Santo Domingo were partially destructed, five persons were injured, tens of houses destructed and a young Haitian boy who was 16 year-old died, swept away by the Caribbean sea waters.
2007 : The storms Noel and Olga, from September 28th to December 11th, were the phenomena that most affected the country. Noel reached sustained winds between 64km and 97km per hour. 73 persons died, 43 were lost, 64.096 persons were evacuated and 1.526 rescued. It caused the destruction of the El Duey village in Villa Altagracia and the isolation of 39 communities of the Southern region because of bridges’ collapses and rivers floods. The Olga storm, on the other hand, left 14 dead people in Dominican Republic, 34.480 victims and damages in 6.896 houses, and 76 isolated villages. The most affected province was Santiago because of the opening of the Tavera Dam by the Dominican Hydraulic Resources Institute (INDRHI) authorities.
Category: DR Living |